Bhopal, capital of Madhya Pradesh, combines scenic
beauty, historicity and modern urban planning. It is
situated on the site of an 11th century city,
Bhojapal, founded by Raja Bhoj. The founder of this
exciting city was, however, an Afghan soldier, Dost
Mohammed Khan (1708-1740), fleeing from Delhi in the
chaotic period after Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb's
death, Dost Mohd. encountered the beautiful Gond
queen, Kamlapati, who sought his aid after the
murder of her consort.
BY AIR: Major Airlines connects
Bhopal with Delhi, Bombay, Indore and Jabalpur.
BY RAIL: Bhopal is on the main
Delhi-Chennai line. Major trains going from
Bombay to Delhi via Itarsi and Jhansi also go
BY ROAD: Regular bus services
connect Bhopal with Indore (186km), Mandu
(285km), Ujjain (188km), Khajuraho (383km),
Pachmari (195km), Gwalior (423km), Sanchi (46km)
and Jabalpur (295km).
BEST SEASON: Throughout the
What to See :
Upper and Lower Lake:
The Upper lake is divided from the
Lower lake by an overbridge and is 6 Sq.km. in area.
Madhya Pradesh tourism has developed a Yatch Club on
the upper lake, which provides facilities of sail,
paddle and motor boats.
Said to be the largest mosque in the
country, the construction of this towering edifice
was begun by Shah Jehan Begum (1868-1901) but was
incomplete on her death. The great queen, Bhopal's
eight ruler, left many monuments in the city and to
her goes the credit for Bhopal's postal system,
railway and waterworks. After her death, lack of
fund prevented the completion of masjid and
construction was resumed only in 1971.The most
striking features of the mosque are the impressive
main hall with its inter-arched roof, broad facade,
spacious courtyard and smooth marble floor. A
three-day Ijtimaj congregation held here annually
draws people from all over the country.
Built in 1873 by Qudsia Begum, it is
a beautiful mosque, the minarets of which are
crowned with gold spikes. Moti Masjid :
Architecturally akin to Delhi's Jama Masjid, this
imposing mosque was built by Sikandar Jehan,
daughter of Kudsia Begum, in 1860.
It is a unique multi-celled hall of arts. Designed
by the world-renowned architect Charles Correa,
Bharat Bhavan is the centre for visual and
performing arts. It consists of a museum of tribal
and folk arts, an art gallery, a workshop of fine
arts, a theatre, an indoor and outdoor auditorium
and an excellent library.
Situated behind Shaukat Mahal on the
banks of the upper lake, Gohar Mahal is a sprawling
palace built in 1820 by Qudsia Begum also known as
Gohar Begum. It is an excellent example of fusion of
Hindu and Mughal architecture.
This safari park is located adjacent
to the upper lake, with an area of 445 hectares
where wildlife watchers can see a variety of
herbivores and carnivores in their natural
SHAUKET MAHAL AND SADAR MANZIL:
Shaukat Mahal stands apart from other
structures of the old city which are predominantly
Islamic in style. This structure was designed by a
Frenchman, who combined Post-renaissance and Gothic
styles to produce a charming amalgam. Adjoining it
is the Sadar Manzil, Hall of public audience of the
former rulers of Bhopal.
In the heart of the old city, the
chowk is lined with old mosques and havelis,
reminders of a bygone era. The shops in its narrow
alleys are treasure troves of traditional Bhopal
crafts: silver jewellery, exquisitely fashioned
beadwork, embroidered and sequined velvet fashioned
purses and cushion.
Situated near Lalghati in a hill
having many natural caves lies this ancient temple.
It is believed that this temple was rediscovered in
1949 by Swami Narayandas. Built like a staircase,
the huge precincts of this structure are adorned by
the idols of Rama, Lakshmana, Sita, Lord Shankar,
Lordess Durga and Hanuman.
This structure is located in Old
Bhopal on a major road to Shahjehanbad. This
structure was built during the reign of the Nawabs
fs. At present, it has been transformed into a
memorial for the freedom fighters of the
Independence movement. There also is an ever-glowing
torch in honour of local heroes.
VARDHAMAN PARK :
One of the beautiful parks of the
city whose roses give it an exclusive look.Built at
the site of the remains of the old fort of Bhopal,
it is located besides the Upper Lake and provides an
astonishing view of the sunset.
: Situated seven kilometers from Bhopal lies this
imposing hill which is the highest peak in Bhopal.
Here lies "Manuabhan Ki Tekri". The tekri is adorned
with the footprints of Jain saints Shri Vijay
Surishwar, Shri Jinndutt Surishwar and Acharya
Mantung and the idol of Adhishtayak Dev
On this peak, Bharat Dham is being
developed which would house sculptures of great
Indian personalities apart from their brief
JEEVAN VATIKA :
This park was built by the joint
effort of Nagar Nigam, Bhopal and LIC, India. This
park attracts thousand of tourists round the year.